Letter to LHC Director Part 1
When we discussed the possibility of “infinite dimensions,” it
occured to me that it might be our own 4D universe that is the
“bubble,” ie, that space-time itself is what’s coiled up/warped, and
that the extra dimensions might be the “original” dimensions of the big
bang. What if our 4D spacetime is merely a subset of the original
universe, created during the inflationary period– the same way
galaxies and clusters/superclusters are thought to be “clumps” of
unevenness created in the original expansion of the universe? So,
instead of there being a multitude of universes out there (which there
still can be, of course), what if there is just one universe, with lots
of these “bubbles” containing different subsets of all the possible
dimensions and the multiverse is really just the sum total of all the
dimensions? Food for thought.

I read how recently the smallest black hole known to exist (3.5
solar masses) was discovered. It occured to me that black holes, with
the way they concentrate gravity, could offer a unique gateway into the
study of higher dimensional space. What if black holes can tunnel
through these higher dimensions and produce a worm hole “on the other
side” that leads back into our normal space-time (as some solutions of
Relativity predict?) Since they would be burrowing through higher
dimensional reality, the exit point of the worm hole may be far away
from the entry point of the black hole. But this is mere conjecture on
my part at this point.

Your idea that the dimensions are so warped that the number we
can detect depends our own vantage point reminds me of a funhouse.
What surrounding reality looks like in such an environment depends on
our perspective; there is no one right answer– which is why Im
thinking that so many different theories of multidimensional universes
all converge on similar solutions. The funhouse analogy seems to work
also when discussing the appearance of objects getting larger or
smaller when they get closer or further away from the brane… similar
in the way to the way the funhouse mirrors distort/warp space.

What inspired me in this area is when you quipped that we might
only be “living on the tail” of what is reality. I can draw an analog
to our own existence here on earth. Because of our limited
perspective, the planet seems flat. There are certain clues showing us
the true nature of our world, but to actually see for ourselves that
the world is round, that it curves in the third dimensions, we have to
fly high up into space. That is what the LHC is going to do for us–
change our perspective and open our eyes into a whole new arena of very
high energy physics.

I believe that a new era of physics is about to begin and we are
“just on its tail,” to borrow one of your analogues to use in a
different venue. The marriage of physics and technology will hopefully
give birth to many a fruit, and we are at the tip of the iceberg, with
the LHC poised to extend the frontier of high energy physics many-fold.
It will be wonderful to see how everything plays out and to see which
theory (or theories!) end up being “correct.”
By Alex H at 8:08pm |
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Letter to LHC Director Part 2 – Edit
December 23, 2009
Letter to LHC Director Part 2
I believe gravity is the glue that holds all the different universes
together and the reason why none of our natural laws explain it fully
is because it exists outside of our universe and we only see the part
of it that our senses (and universe) can convey. Remember, there are
many dimensions outside of the 3 spatial dimensions we are familiar
with, even though they are not fully expressed in our universe. (These
extra dimensions are needed to explain how the Big Bang

could have expanded from a cosmic egg to something so huge so fast.)
Well, gravity could possibly exist in those other dimensions and our
science isnt at the level to explore those dimensions just yet–
therefore our understanding of it is incomplete. The same goes for dark
matter and dark energy– the reason that we cant observe it is
because– once again– it is a fundamental property of the greater
multiverse and existed before our own universe was created, so we cant
detect it with our senses directly, but need indirect means like– you
guessed it– its gravitation effect on the normal matter around it.

is paradoxical for me to say, since some of the articles Ive read,
point to time not existing at all, but just being our brain’s way of
comprehending changes in our environment– and on the smallest level,
the Planck Scale, time completely stopping. This reinforces another of
my personal beliefs: that all our theories and everything that we sense
as biological organisms, is just an approximation of the truth. A
convenient approximation that helps us comprehend a nearly
incomprehensible universe. If we go down to scales smaller and smaller,
we find that our natural laws keep changing and when we reach the
smallest of scales, they break down completely. It seems to me our
natural laws are just an approximation of reality, generalities that
are more than 99 pct accurate on our scale of the universe, but if we
analyze our universe on the subatomic scale, we see that the universe
is completely different. It’s like looking at your screen from far away
and seeing a crystal clear and crisp image, but when you look at things
more closely you can see the graininess of individual pixels. Our brain
does a good approximation of what’s out there, but reality is far more
complex than what we can comprehend. BTW, the same decoupling exists on
larger scales as well; the structure of star clusters, galaxies and
galactic clusters needs further refinement of our natural laws (like
the addition of dark matter and dark energy and einstein’s cosmological
constant– things we cannot detect on our own scales– even though we
may be surrounded by the stuff). Our natural laws simply cover a very
small part of the total spectrum– much like our vision comprises a
very small part of the total electromagnetic spectrum. If it werent for
instrumentation and the magic of technology, that small visual spectrum
would be all the universe that we know. But it’s that very development
of technology and the continued evolution of science that gives us hope
for a better understanding of the universe around us with every passing
generation. One hundred years ago who would have thought you and I
would have bene communicating in this manner? Surely, almost as
unbelievable as teleportation was to us just a few years ago– and yet
the nearly impossible is not only possible, but probably quite likely.
That is the jist of what I am saying– that our wonderfully complex and
interconnected multiverse makes the almost impossible quite likely–
our brains are fundamentally (and quantumly) connected to the rest of
the universe, therefore no matter how wild the theories we might dream
up– there is a good chance that somewhere (whether it’s our universe
or another or somewhere in between) those dreams are likely to be real.

Just wanted to add the dual nature of light– both as particle and
wave– can be explained by multiple parallel universes in which light
behaves as one or the other and both universes being superimposed on
each other (i.e.–parallel) being the way to explain how light can be
both particle and wave at the same “time.” It’s a neat way to explain a
puzzling paradox– how can light be two fundamentally different things
at the same time? Well, how about it is two different things in two
different universes, but light being massless, can freely pass back and
forth between universes and what we detect is after it comes back from
a parallel universe through a micro-wormhole. Another paradox is how
does something massless like light get affected by gravity (like that
inside black holes)? Well, if both are fundamental components of a
greater multiverse than perhaps what a black hole really is, is a
“leak” between different universes and it’s this leak that traps light.
For us to achieve a greater understanding of our universe, we must
acknowledge that we are limited by the precision of our instruments and
the fallibility of our senses. For example, for a long time, the
proton, neutron and electron were though of as the fundamental
particles of matter. But then, a large range of subatomic particles
were discovered (in the 60s) and physicists decided that something was
wrong, and there must be something more fundamental that was beyond the
range of our instruments and our science. Thus the quark and gluon was
born and a whole host of other subatomic particles that were discovered
in our minds before they were ever found in the lab. Not only did these
new particles revolutionize subatomic physics, they revolutionized
every othe branch of science because of wide-reaching impacts. Not only
physics, but biology (some enzymes are thought to work through quantum
processes), chemistry (which is just physics on a macroscopic scale),
even psychology and the study of human consciousness and where it
originates. Some of the new particles were discovered at extremely high
energies like just after the Big Bang, when the fundamental forces of
the universe were just One and these particles not only unified those
forces but acted like a time machine to show us what went on when the
Universe was young. Not only that, but the closer we peer into
subatomic structure, the more we understand about the whole Universe–
paradoxical isnt it, that to understand something so huge we must look
at something so tiny?! This is just as paradoxical as gravity– that a
force so weak on the subatomic scale can be so strong as to govern the
whole fate of the universe. That is another reason I feel that it must
be a property of the multiverse– where the balance of its strength
lies. The same goes for dark energy (the force that causes the universe
to expand at greater than light speed) as well as dark matter– we cant
detect them because they are not completely in our universe, rather
they are stretched across multiple dimensions and multiple universes
and we only know they are there because of the way they affect– you
guessed it– gravity! These multiple dimensions fold in and out of real
space (the space that we know and that our senses were biologically
built to comprehend) and the way that gravity can act instaneously (and
the way we might be able to travel faster than light) is through these
folds– analogous to a worm burrowing from one side of an apple to
another without having to travel all the way around. Time travel might
be possible in a similar way (to me space and time travel are linked.)

To add to the mayhem, now it seems there might be a particle
substructure beyond the quark, so the deeper and deeper we peer, the
more layers our proverbial onion seems to have. The important thing to
understand is that, while our technology has its limits, our mind does
not– and all these exotic discoveries were first made inside the brain
before they were ever found in the lab. Einstein learned about the
universe inside his own mind before there was ever any experimental
verification of his ideas. The same goes for Planck, Bohr, Heisenberg
and the rest of the pioneers of quantum physics. But great as these
theorists were, they were never able to bridge the gap between the
macroscopic world (Einstein’s theory of relativity) and the nanoscopic
world (that of quantum mechanics). That frustrated Einstein til the end
of his life (cant blame him, the science was still in its infancy) and
it is the next frontier– something scientists have been working on
inside their fertile minds for decades now. That is how cutting edge
science will need to work if it hopes to evolve into creating a greater
understanding of reality; somewhere our technology cannot go as of now.
The mind is the birthplace of ideas, concepts and theories, the
function of technology is to confirm them and to implement them to the
benefit of human society. This symbiotic feedback relationship is
necessary if we are to flourish and evolve as a species and survive to
develop a greater understanding of the Reality around us.

Interesting how what was seen as fantasy slowly becomes
possible as our technology and knowledge of science improves! To me,
teleportation can be thought of as matter or energy passing from our
universe into another and back into ours at a different point in
space/time. Another thing I thought about regarding our discussion of
parallel universes and the multiverse was Heisenberg’s Uncertainty
Principle, the Law of Conservation of Mass-Energy and something called
vacuum energy. I dont know if youre familiar with this or not but, when
quantum mechanics came into prominence, something called Heisenberg’s
Uncertainy Principle became one of the central pillars of QM (much to
Einstein’s chagrin.) In brief, this states that you cant know, exactly,
the position and the mass of a particle at the same time. For example,
in the process of measuring where an electron is, we have to use
photons of light, and these photons of light nudge it away from the
position we were measuring it to be. On the macroscopic scale, the
effect is much more neglible… but it is still there. The Uncertainty
Principle has an interesting corollary: a vacuum could never be truly
empty. For, if it was, you already knew its mass or rest energy without
measuring it (0) and all that would remain would be to ascertain its
position, thereby breaking the Principle of Uncertainty. Thus was born
the idea of vacuum energy and the theory behind it, which involves
“virtual particles.” That is, that no vacuum is truly a vacuum because
subatomic particles are continuously created and destroyed at an
incredible pace, much too fast for us to measure directly. Think of it
as the scan lines on a CRT monitor. The scan frequency is usually so
high (85 Hz or so) that our eyes see one continuous picture. A vacuum
is the same way. The particles are created and destroyed so fast that
we dont detect them– that’s why they are virtual particles. Evem
though, this theory seems esoteric (and makes our universe appear to be
random and chaotic– which is why Einstein HATED it), it actually
explains a great deal. For example, our universe is thought to have
come into existence in this way, a massive virtual particle that
explosively expanded before it could “wink out.” Other universes could
form in the same way, while universes too instable (whether it be
because of incipient laws of physics of said universe or not) would
have their “bubbles popped” and be destroyed like ordinary virtual
particles. Is there any proof of the existence of virtual particles and
vacuum energy, you ask? Well, yes– look up the Casimir Effect. It is
possible to detect the effects of virtual particles without detecting
the particles themselves, and this is how it was proven that vacuums
arent really empty and virtual particles are real.

My little essay on vacuum energy and virtual particles is leading
up to my point about parallel universes. As you can see, what the
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle has done has essentially found a
violation for one of the major laws of physics: the law of conservation
of mass-energy (the mass-energy connotation is a nod to the fact that
mass can be converted back and forth from energy, obeying Einstein’s
famous e=mc2– now you see why Einstein hated quantum mechanics so
much– it poked holes in his ideas!) This violation of conservation
exists on a very small, but very fundamental scale. Consider the fact
that although the violation can only be detected at the subatomic
level, our universe was, at one stage, a subatomic particle and we
might owe our very existence to the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle as
well as vacuum energy and virtual particles. Also consider the fact
that this vacuum energy might be able to be tapped into one day, to
harness power that mankind might need to traverse the stars– the fact
that we can find “free energy” in the vacuum of space, far away from
our own sun, is a very attractive idea, dont you think?

There is just one thing that doesnt sit well with me. Where does
this free energy come from? How can particles and energy come into
being from nothing? It just seemed very illogical and disorderly to me.
And anything that seems illogical yet proven to exist in science is
usually the result of a piece of

the puzzle being missing– there’s something that’s being left out that
would make sense out of our observations and theories. And I believe
that’s the multiverse concept. I got to thinking about our discussion
concerning parallel universes as well as reading this article I linked
you. What if this virtual mass/energy doesnt come into being from
nothing at all, but is just being teleported from one parallel universe
into another? That is, what if the law of conservation of mass-energy
is preserved, but it covers the whole multiverse, not just our own?
That would follow the pattern of other conservation laws that were
seemingly broken, only to be found to be preserved at a “higher level.”
What I propose is that the virtual mass/energy is spontaneously
teleported from one universe to another (into and out of our own)
through some yet-unknown quantum mechanical means and that the total
mass-energy of the multiverse remains the same at all times, just where
a certain particle of mass or photon of energy is located is what
remains in question. (See, my little idea preserves not only
Conservation of Mass-Energy but also Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle
as we are still uncertain of a particle’s exact location.) To my mind,
this idea sounds very logical and follows in the history of previous
theories that explained violations of cornerstone laws of physics in
that the violation only occured because we werent analyzing the whole
system (when we speak of just one universe); that, instead, we need to
look at it from a larger perspective– that our universe isnt a closed
system in and of itself but is part of a bigger multiverse where our
laws of physics are preserved on a much higher level. Another idea that
came to me is that one day we might find some use of this untapped
virtual energy– when our species advances to a sufficient
technological level we could one day create some sort of pump (read:
artificial wormhole) to access energy from other universes; of course,
we would also have to find a way to get rid of any excess to keep our
universe in balance (read: artificial black hole.) Come to think of it,
that’s ANOTHER puzzle my little idea solves– the paradox of what
happens when matter enters a black hole. In the past, scientists would
simply say “all laws of physics break down.” Well, to me, that’s the
chicken’s way out. What they are afraid to admit is that, in current
theories of physics, black holes are a mass-energy “leak”. That is
matter and energy are disappearing from the universe and going down
into the infinite gravity well that is a black hole. But what if,
instead of being a mass-energy leak, black holes were really a balance?
What if black holes are just leveling out the mass/energy we receive
from quantum teleportation via microwormholes (my word for how virtual
particles come into existence in our universe and others.)? In that
case, they would be essential in maintaining the functional stability
of our universe (as well as others) by channeling excess mass/energy
into another universe (effectively a black hole in one universe would
be the wormhole into another!) And if my idea about microwormholes is
correct, we have countless trillions of them around us all the time!
For the Casimir Effect is very mundane and noticeable even to high
school students in a school lab! 😛 Virtual particles and energy are
all around us. The process of detection by effect might also help us
identity the true nature and function of dark matter and dark energy–
it could be large conglomerates of virtual particles and energy that
surround us, that aggregate together and, by their very nature, go
undetected, except by indirect means. The funny thing is, scientists
had long been searching for wormholes, because they are the only way
around the speed of light limit (according to Einstein) and
mathematically predicted both by Einstein and by Quantum Mechanics, yet
they have been so elusive as to have gone completely

undetected, even though, if I am correct, they are right under our
noses! Since microblackholes have already been theorized to exist (and,
in my view, serve the essential function of “sucking out” excess
virtual particles and energy buildup)– the existence of microwormholes
is a logical extension of theory.

I am very excited at the prospect of how this might open up new
areas within science for us to explore in the coming decades and how
technology could, one day, make use of this untapped source of
near-limitless energy. Once again, we see that the very minute and the
very large are interconnected– the world of subatomic particles, while
seeming to be illogical and mysterious– has a huge impact on the
macroscopic universe around us and something as esoteric as the
Uncertainty Principle, vacuum energy, virtual particles and
teleportation not only can prove the existence of multiple universes,
but the origin of our very own, as well as one day maybe providing the
final answer to our species’ quest for more energy to be able to propel
us in both time and space on a quest to understand the very nature of
existence and our own place in this grand multiverse of ours.